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Published on February 18th, 2009 | by Legazpi City


Mayon Volcano: Interesting Facts


The beautifully symmetrical Mayon Volcano is the most prominent landform and most famous symbol of Albay and the Bicol Region. It is located 15 kilometers northwest of Legazpi City. Here are some interesting facts about Mayon Volcano:


Location: Albay, 300 km southeast of Manila (13°15.4’N, 123°41.1’E)
Elevation: 2,462 meters (8,077 feet)
Base Diameter: 20 km
Base Circumference: 62.8 km (reckoned from 10-km radius) encompassing the towns of Camalig, Malilipot and Sto. Domingo
Area: 314.1 square kilometers (estimated from 62.8 km base circumference)
Type of Volcano: Stratovolcano
Adjacent Volcanic Edifice: Mt. Malinao, Lignon Hill and Balong Gloria Hill

Rock Type: Basalt to Olivine-bearing Pyroxene Andesite
Tectonic Setting: Bicol Volcanic Chain (including Mt. Isarog and Mt. Iriga in Camarines Sur, Mt. Malinao and Mt. Masaraga in Albay and Mt. Bulusan in Sorsogon)

Volcanic Activity

Number of Historical Eruptions: 48
Latest Eruption/Activity:

09 July 2009; 8:00 AM

Mayon Volcano’s status remains at Alert Level 1. This means that a hazardous eruption is unlikely. The public, however, is reminded that the 7-km Extended Danger Zone (EDZ) at the southeaster flank of the volcano and the 6-km radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) at other areas remain off-limits due to the continuing threat from sudden small explosions and rockfalls from the upper slopes. Active river channels and those areas perennially identified as lahar-prone around the volcano should be avoided when there is heavy and prolonged rainfall.

Source: Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology


Eruption Type:

Strombolian (e.g.. 1978, 1st phase of 1984 eruption)
Vulcanian (e.g. 1st phase of 1968 eruption, 2nd phase of 1984 eruption)
Plinian (e.g. 1814)

Precursors to Eruptions:

  1. Increase in seismicity level  (Background: 0-10 volcanic quakes per day)
  2. Ground tilt due to magma intrusion.
  3. Change in color of steam emission from white to gray due  to entrained ash
  4. Increase in the volume of steam emission
  5. Crater glow due to  presence of magma at or near the  crater.
  6. Rumbling sounds due to gas explosions, wall fracturing, landslides

Type of Hazards:

  1. Airfall tephra
  2. Lava flows
  3. Pyroclastic flows
  4. Lahars


Permanent Danger Zone:  six (6) km radius from the summit


Source: Phivolcs and Mayon Ecotourism

About the Author

Welcome to Legazpi! The City of Fun and Adventure | Gateway to Bicol's Many Wonders and the Regional Administrative Center of Region V.

  • http://Interestingfacts Khloe

    Iam doing a project on this volcano and I got lot of information from this website

    • http://Interestingfacts Bob

      I wonder if there is any more active volcanos ?

  • http://Interestingfacts Khloe

    Oh my gosh I never seen a volcano erupt like that before also I can’t believe the this is a active volcano

    • http://Interestingfacts Karissa

      I wish I can see this erupt in real life

  •, …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….0

    HAHA Gling SO Cool!

  • Wayne

    Just left the region and this is truly a natural wonder. Breathtaking. Awesome. Drawing your eyes to it as you approach. Power beyond belief ….. huge boulders 10’s of Kms from it. So capable of raining destruction and death yet people are living off the riches it provides such as fertile soil for rice, virtually on it’s slopes. To my eyes, oblivious to the risks.
    What is it. A curse or blessing to those it affects?

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  • Bic Boii who play xboc

    i am too @Saige
    lol where u from?

  • shahayla

    volcanoes are awesome

  • Saige

    i am doing a power point on this volcano!!!!!! :)

  • Gabe

    Lol I’m doing a report on this volcanoe.

    • saige

      what interesting facts did you find on the mayon volcano. i am doing a reaport on it also and i need some help

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  • hailey

    longest lasting eruption lasted seven whole days…

  • mia

    Enormous, a beauty, breathtaking……. a display of God’s glory.

  • someguy

    maganda ito kasi sinabi ko atchaka tabi ko bakla SUCKAS

  • Science project

    i need three interesting facts on the mayon volcano hellllpppp!!!!

  • Joshua Balao

    Nice!!!Like me!!!

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  • money

    Kapag pumupunta ako ng bicol, dian agad destinasyon ko. Ang ganda kasi, lalo na sa Lignon Hill.

  • homes for sale mn

    Mayon is one of the best wonders of the world!

  • http://google ej

    I want to say that mayon volcano is the most perfect cone in the world kaya sana mapangalagaan natin ito in our simple way!!!

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